Carnegie-Mellon research indicating that "distractions are a bad thing". It is kind of old, sorry, and only refers to men. To quote, "Today's systems distract a user in many explicit and implicit ways, thereby reducing his effectiveness." So that is me ruled out then. Perhaps women handle distraction better?
To read more, follow...http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~aura/
I will catch up with Professor Daniel P. Siewiorek a little bit later and let you know what he thinks about all this now.